BBC Young Reporter 2020

BBC Young Reporter 2020 (29)

BBC Young Reporter 2020

A whole world of dog sports you never thought to explore

We feed our dog, we play with them, we cuddle them, we clean up after them, and we walk them. These are the basic things most people do with their beloved pooches and most live a full, fun life. But, most owners will agree that it’s very fulfilling to watch your dog run free and push their limits when chasing their favourite toy, so why not help your dog exceed their limits and become good at a skill they can compete with, while also building the relationship between dog and owner.

When you think of dog competitions most go straight to agility or maybe obedience but the scope of sports is much wider than that and there are many different benefits to each sport. If you want to build a concrete bond between you and your dog these sports are some of the best ways to do that while also ensuring you have a well-rounded, well socialised dog.

With sports like obedience and agility many people will watch a handler and their dog complete the competition and think they don’t have the time or patience to teach their dog that level of tricks. As agility includes completing a kind of obstacle course with your dog while obedience is more testing the training of your dog by executing tricks with precision and accuracy. Others, however, will see it as a great way to build communication and trust with your dog and not mind the gruelling patience needed to get your dog to a competitive level.

These sports are just you and your dog and build up that relationship beautifully, but, these may not fit some people as they are in some ways age restrictive and perhaps not suitable for some mental and physical disabilities due to the running and focus involved for long periods of time. That doesn’t mean that there are no sports for you and your furry companion it just means you need to look at the other options. Sports like flyball, which I compete in, potentially require less movement and shorter periods of focus. Flyball is a team sport where four dogs fetch a ball in relay, each dog jumping four hurdles on the way there and back, being sent and encouraged back by their handlers. Each handler would require four to five

seconds of intense focus rather than the few minutes agility takes. This sport is an amazing way to socialise your dog as they work together in a team and to build up your own confidence as instead of it being just you and your dog you have trusted team members, and their dogs, beside you every step of the way!

Though I may be a bit biased as I only compete in flyball currently, though I hope to expand my participation soon, I think the socialisation skills developed in this sport are extraordinary as you get to understand your dog and their moods when they are running and you also develop your own focus and sense of worth as your dog needs you to run, like they do to do many of the sports available to both of you. My team, Bridbay flyball, has given me the confidence to handle different dogs and the gratification I feel when I see my own dog practice is indescribable. My team leader, Claire Turton, describes flyball as a “ team sport and very family friendly and open to any age or disability”, the possibilities are amazingly endless.

Even if you don’t want to compete in these sports with your dog it’s always good to have different ways of exercising your dog to keep their mental stimulation high and help avoid chewing and other naughty behaviour when they are left alone. So, give up one morning a week to spend on a sport with your dog and see how both of your socialisation and confidence skills grow, no matter your age and how your trust and love for each other can flourish even further than before.

Wednesday, 11 March 2020 09:22

Knife Crime

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Knife crime

Knife crime is where a person assaults another with a sharp object or a knife. Many people are affected by knife crimes .Knife crime statistics are rising .Impacting mostly young people knife crimes have increased drastically. Last year was the highest knife crime statistics since the records begun (which was in 1946).


In two out of five killings the victim was struck with a sharp object or stabbed to death. Knife crime appears globally. Although, London has a very high knife crime rate (police have recorded 168 knife crimes per 100,000 people in the latest year).In Manchester, Slough, Liverpool and Blackpool knife crime is also a common offence.

Mental impact

If a person is a victim of knife crime it can severely affect them physically and mentally. It can result in many medical issues either it be physical or mental (for example PTSD).Also, it impacts their families a lot as they might not survive the attack and can leave their family in pieces due to their loved ones being murdered .As a result of knife crimes people become cautious and decide to carry a knife. However, that is a very fatal decision as it can put the person in more danger as people feel extremely threatened that they possess a knife. Because of this, they then try to eliminate the threat which then puts you in extreme danger.

Monday, 09 March 2020 15:25

OH NAH NAH, what is your last name?

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OH NAH NAH, what is your last name?

Are you really as boring as you make out? You may not have to look any further than your name.

Have you ever found yourself in a trance? I often found myself staring relentlessly at my exam booklets front page out of fear of making eye contact with an exam invigilator, who is widely recognised as certified eternal doom bringers. The joys of the British educational system, we have got Gavin Williamson to thank for our pain. There aren’t huge signs stating: use the quadratic formula to work out the speed limit and plot the graph of your journey from acceleration. It was either that or the happy joy of counting bricks or stacking pens into a sword. I often thought of how my name could be as mundane as a measly brick or how I could have descended form a mighty, Viking warrior! But…time is up, the invigilator calls. Is it time up to find my destined origin?

From a recent visit to Iceland, I have been sucked into the black hole, and no not of a geyser, but of the spirit of the language which dances around the natives. Although I have just about grasped the English language, I think? According to my English teachers “it’s a work in progress; you need to be more cohesive.” I would like to reassure you that I try, but once I have an idea, it spirals into an avalanche much like the daydream I often found myself trapped in during an exam.

If you are like me, I like my home comforts regardless of where I like to travel. Yes, I can often be persuaded by the stereotypically mc vitie’s chocolate digestive. I’m so glad that the glacier we climbed didn’t snap off as quickly as these godly sweet treats do when you dunk them in your cuppa. What’s more disruptive the ash dispersed over the ports, or the sad times of your tea bag splitting. They look merely the same, just different scales. I mean, at least it would accommodate the giants which inhabit the desolate plains. All I would say is be good or for Christmas you may end up with, no not coal, but a potato in your shoe!

Ultimately, are traditions fading out and being built upon like the lava flows which are submerging our history and preserving the facts before we have the chance? In this article we will uncover the hidden secrets which link our identities of answering to our names to our ultimate callings.

We asked question throughout the trip to our wonderful tour guide, who goes by the name of Biggy, from the company TREX who happily informed us that “it would be an ultimate insult to change your surname from your fathers to your mothers”. On engaging in conversation, I for one, would not be up for being responsible for a destructive eruption which will send family flying like shrapnel. He also went on to explain that, in Iceland you take your fathers first name and add son or daughter, depending on gender. Me being an English language student couldn’t help but question as to why men dominate gender and power. I enquired an Icelandic name translator app by the name of - islandsk-navnegenerator. Above you will see an example for reference, and I would highly recommend that you try it out!

It is demonstrated that being linked to your father is a trademark of power and pride within Icelandic tradition. However, this isn’t always replicated within British culture as not many people value meanings because they don’t value relations out of my personal experience.

Britain. Lovely, sunny Britain. From the coast to the houses of commons. It’s all so secret and overpopulated in the UK. This isn’t the case in Iceland as the current prime minster, Katrín Jakobsdóttir, has her own cottage situated in Alþingi; this building was built for the festivities at Þingvellir in 1930. The building has served as the official summer residence of the Prime Minister since 1974. He doesn’t hang around there much for barbecues according to the tour guide, but it is where foreign heads of states and official visitors typically have lunch with the Prime Minister.

This secrecy isn’t a running trend when it comes to occupation linked to name. How humiliating for our ancestors. (EXPOSED) Most of the names originated in mediaeval towns and villages, and as each one had its Carter, Hayward, Thatcher, Smith, and Tailor there were a multitude of original bearers of the name. Personally, as a former ‘Smith’ I often find myself being victimised for being ‘common’. Should I be ashamed of my mundane background? My one and only saviour, known as the internet, gave me a valid reason for their being so many Smith’s in today’s era. AS you would expect, it is due to their being so many kinds of craftsmen and their importance to the village or town—a smith makes something (compare with a monger who sells something). The ambiguity of making something can be perceived as mysterious ad miraculous. No, I tell a lie it’s not exactly a party trick or a conversational starter. I much prefer my Icelandic name any time of the day! If only I could pronounce it…

Monday, 09 March 2020 15:24

Human Trafficking

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Human trafficking

What is human trafficking?

Human trafficking is a trade of humans. It is a worldwide crime where despicable people kidnap children, men, and women and ship them off to foreign countries and sell them to people and auctions for thousands of pounds each year starting at 8 – 99 billion pounds!

Human trafficking is punishable under state law by a prison sentence of up to five years or, if the victim is under the age of 18, by a state prison sentence of up to eight years. Some countries and cultures are putting laws in place to try and prevent human trafficking. However others are behind with no trafficking laws at all.

It’s estimated that there are from 20-40 million people in modern slavery today. In the world today half of all victims are aged between 19 and 33 years old. India is at the top of the list for human trafficking with 14 million victims. Pakistan, Thailand, China, India, and Bangladesh are in the top 10 for countries with the largest number of trafficking victims around the world.

Monday, 09 March 2020 15:23

Endangered Ocean Species and Marine Life

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Endangered Ocean Species and Marine Life

Endangered Ocean Species

In the world today there are many oceans with endangered sea animals, some of which are rising in numbers across the world. 8 of the most endangered ocean species are: Hawksbill sea turtle, Sea otter, Blue whale, River dolphins, Florida manatee, Galapagos penguin, Hawaiian monk seal, and Kemp’s Ridley sea turtle. These sea animals are all endangered by similar things but some of the main ones are plastic pollution and climate change.

There homes

Most of their homes are coral reefs and at the moment they are dying all around the world. The colours of these majestic reefs are slowly fading and are becoming dull. This is because of climate change causing the ocean to change temperature.

What can we do to prevent this?

To prevent this we need to work as a society to decrease the amount of plastic pollution we are putting into the ocean each day and think about what will happen in the future.

Monday, 09 March 2020 15:18

Coronavirus and Theories

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Coronavirus and Theories

BBC Young Reporter

Coronavirus and Theories

Coronavirus is spreading rapidly and the demand on certain products is increasing. More and more people are panicking about this pandemic. However, they fail to understand how it happened, the death rate and most of the important aspects.

Are you scared of getting Coronavirus? Well you shouldn’t be! If you are under 40 you have such a low chance of dying from the novel Coronavirus.

So, is this really a pandemic or just panic? To be precise, this is not something to be afraid of! Yet, we must remain alert. In my theory, these viruses do not happen naturally; they are most likely manmade and evidence to support this comes from statistics. Along with the seasonal flu, SARS, MERS, and COVID-19 all share the same story. These viruses originate from highly populated areas where animals are often in confined spaces. This allows the virus to mutate and spread quickly, bring harm to citizens. MERS has the highest death rate them all; a staggering 37% of those infected died.

Next comes SARS, with an 11% death rate. Arguably, this is a mild variant of MERS, with similar symptoms just toned down. The spread of infection rate was reduced, however those who became contaminated were more likely to die. Citizens were therefore more scared of this strain of the virus because of its deathly reputation and this resulted in scientists developing a cure. Finally, the big one, the scary one: COVID-19! I feel this virus was created by scientists for population control and for financial gain. The virus has been so carefully constructed that the death rate is low, yet the infection rate skyrockets! This means that people panic buy products, like tissues and sales and demand for production increases greatly. It’s almost comical how perfect this disease is. This novel Coronavirus is on the urge to mutate; there are two types. Most people are becoming infected with the mild strain, but soon, the mild strain will mutate into a SARS type condition, most likely. This is worrying because people are obsessed with the rate in which the virus is spreading, rather than the likelihood of death that could come from a second strain.

Now to actual talk about the viruses rather than the stats. COVID-19 came from bats. Do you notice a pattern? In the 1980s/1990s, the Chinese law around wet markets meant people could slaughter all animals in the market (except the endangered ones). This caused SARS and COVID-19 because of the dense

population of animals meant that it could mutate and spread with ease. Eventually this spreads to humans, but how do they come to be different every time? Well, bats are injected with different variants of the virus (which is believed to be modified versions of a virus every time), which spreads to animals and then to the wet markets. Coronavirus is certainly a threat but not to be afraid,

The novel Coronavirus has had a huge impact on social events. Football matches being closed, whole cities being on lockdown and supermarkets are undergoing high demand for supplies. Why is this happening? It is because of the media. The media has hurt China politically and spread so much fear across the world. Even England is scared of it with only mere 300 infected verses China with 89K. Some videos are factual but not all of the reports are helpful and are only good for spreading fear. Personally I feel, videos by professional people that say “alert not a threat” is what actually makes the world a more calm place. These videos are sadly few and far between the disruptive news reports.

Should China be afraid of it? Yes of course! However as people say, if you worry about it and get the virus you will suffer twice rather than just getting it! People of China are worried, but at least some people can cope with the novel Coronavirus getting to their neighbours. If you are Chinese Citizen you could be afraid but here is how you can keep safe: wear a mask because it makes sure if you have a virus you can’t spread it; wash your hands properly, sing happy birthday twice and rub soap everywhere on your hands and everything and finally, have hand sanitiser at every crucial moment.

So, now you should feel a little safer about the location you are in. However, I would advise you to look into what is happening outside: it is important to see what is happening in the world, don’t just focus on Coronavirus but on the world as a whole. I urge you not to be afraid; I have interviewed David Lamb living in Chengdu, the country at the heart of the virus. Whilst it is impacting on his social life, he knows the virus is partly under control. He is keeping a level head- so can you!

Interview Are you scared of the virus and why? ‘When I was travelling back to China I was worried about catching the virus. Hubei was in a serious situation and the virus was beginning to spread to other provinces. It’s not something you can see, but you can see the impact. It’s the impact that scares you – businesses closed, people in Hazchem suits and warning signs everywhere. Living with two other people, you become more concerned that if you

catch it you could spread it.’ ‘ Do you think the virus is threatening? ‘It threatens my way of life! Bars are closed, cinemas too. All public gatherings are banned. I can’t have anyone to visit my apartment. So, if you need a tradesman- maybe to fix your internet, they are banned from entering your apartment. The security at the gates issue passes and quarantine cards. Nobody from outside the building is allowed in. The lifts are covered in plastic. In fact, a taxi I took the other night was covered in plastic. It’s illegal to be outside without a mask.’

Thank you very much David Lamb it is much appreciated for you time, I hope you will not catch the virus and hopefully your life will return to normal.

Monday, 09 March 2020 15:17

Maintaining the culture

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Maintaining the culture

The year began strong for the deified school and sixth form, receiving a ‘good ‘grade on the highly anticipated Ofsted assessment. With the long looming terror of judgment finally alleviated off the shoulders of the school, head teacher, and torchbearer of change, Scott Ratheram spoke out about what his thoughts on the report and where he wants to take the school.

To start with, he was extraordinarily proud with the way the Ofsted report described his school saying ‘my favourite part of the report is it says it’s a friendly and happy place ‘, humbly claiming the change was down “A lot of hard work from students, by staff, by supportive parents, governors” instead of his frequently hard hours of labour. And for the most apart this feeling of pride has been restored in the students with one saying that “ I’ve been here for 5 years now and this is defiantly the safest and happiest I’ve seen the students of this school “. School isn’t always the most fun of time but staying safe, feeling secure, and been in a happy, friendly environment are key ingredients for a good school. And clearly Ofsted picked up on the hard work he and his team has put in to create this atmosphere.

‘Maintaining the culture’ the key point Scott reinforced to us, even directing us to board in which he had the quotation pinned up on. This reflects the nature of a large quantity of the policies he has passed so far. His new and improved behaviour system I feel to be a perfect example of this attitude. The new system retains some of the oldest, and most engrained, features of the old policy (like shadow timetable and isolation) while introducing a new wave of reform in order to expand upon and significantly improve it. Under Scott, these old methods of dealing with behaviour are now last resorts as opposed to the norm and instead students go through a process of warning, punishment, moving them then shadow timetable. And while it’s still new and has a few issues- especially in standardization across the whole school- it’s drastically improved the behaviour of students. As a system I love it because it keeps trouble makers in a classroom for as long as possible, giving them the chance to learn, while still offering a clear cut system of punishment for misbehaviour. But it is new and susceptible to faults the in reality can only be ironed out by time. Yes, standardizing it across every classroom is proving to be a challenge but it’s much better than the departmentally issued system of old where students would have a completely different method to behaviour in each lesson creating profound confusion as to what was right, what was wrong and how it was to be punished. This was something Scott wanted to prove on saying he wanted “Calm classrooms and where students can learn and students to know where the boundaries are “which for the most part he has improved.

Monday, 09 March 2020 15:15

The silent increase of poverty in the UK

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The silent increase of poverty in the UK

Nelson Mandela once said ‘poverty is not an accident, like slavery and apartheid it is man-made and can be removed by the actions of human beings’, but even now poverty is on the rise. Never fading and never faltering, only growing larger and stronger in its weight and grasp that it holds over the 14.3 million people in the UK. But what’s being done to counter it? Currently. Nothing. The media and our own government are far too focused on other issues, from the coronavirus to Harry and Meghan, and while I agree that covid-19 is a pandemic that should be dealt with accordingly and with serious countermeasures, do we really need to be fed with worries and fears of it every day, of every week, of every month? And the same goes for the sussexes, sure it’s a new venture for the royal family, and something that the public have not seen before but even so Harry and Meghan are still able to live life in luxury and wealth, but the same cannot be said for a large portion of the British population.

Poverty can affect everybody, no matter age, gender or ethnicity. 4.6 million Of those in poverty are children, and 1.3 million are pensioners. Poverty rates fell in the years after 2010 and are now showing clear signs of rising again. Just under half (49%) of those in poverty live in persistent poverty (people who have fallen below the poverty line in the last 2-3 years). That means that around 7.15 million have been in poverty for almost 3 years. And there is not enough being done to try and help those in need. Some people are living without basic access to food and water, without shelter, and without family. Most people don’t even think about those in poverty, we are too busy caught up in our own problems that seem so inconsequential in comparison to the problems that those worse off experience on a daily basis.

Of course I don’t underestimate what the government has already done concerning this issue. They have been working with the voluntary, public and private sectors to deal more effectively with complex problems. Have Helped people recover and become independent if things have gone wrong, and other initiatives covered in the policy paper on GOV.UK titled ‘2010 to 2015 government policy: poverty and social justice’. However recently the news has been veering off the topic completely, distracted with Brexit and other issues that affect mainly business owners, a very small population of our country.

So what can be done to help fight off poverty? Well the answer is simple, and was already mentioned in the beginning of this article.

‘Poverty can be removed by the actions of human beings’

Monday, 09 March 2020 15:14

Interview with DTC

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Driffield council, an interview.

We interviewed the head of the Driffield council, Mark Blakeston and asked him these following questions:

Precept inflation is becoming a more common subject in daily conversations, do you support this idea? If so why?

He replied with, “Yes I agree with this because if it increases at the rate of inflation it will benefit the services that rely on this.”

Next we asked, what do you think the role of the role of the council is and how does this affect the general public?

This time the answer was, “The core role is the development and vitality of Driffield.”

The final question we asked was: where do you see Driffield improve in the future due to the councils work?

The reply was: “a cleaner, tidier high street and promoting Driffield in order to acquire more tourists, this would be beneficial for shops and pubs.”

Written by Bethan shipley

Thanks to Mark Blakeston - Head of Driffield Town Council for taking time out of his busy day to talk to us.

Why you should consider getting an apprenticeship

A poll carried out by Construction firm Redrow found 54 percent of 18 to 21 year olds questioned would actively consider entering an apprenticeship. Although this sounds like a lot, the statistics of young people who actually go into an apprenticeship has dropped. Across 2018/2019 72,400 fewer people partook in an apprenticeship when compared to 2017/2018 (according to But why is this?

Apprenticeships are very good for practical based learners. If you struggled with academics in school, this might just be the thing for you! The on the job learning experience is not only paid but is a great way to start building up your career straight out of school. According to Unifrog 68% of people who started their career with an apprenticeship are happy with their job, where only 26% of people who went through university are satisfied with their career.                

It is, of course, important to make sure the apprenticeship you’re going for is a fully certified one. Some of the best apprenticeships are based on the grounds of STEM (Science, technology, engineering, and maths)

Isobel Smithies started an engineering apprenticeship in September 2019 with an engineering company called Atkins. She will complete a level 3 NVQ         course followed by a level 6 master degree apprenticeship with the option of charter ship (a chartered engineer is a member of the institute of the electrical engineers), which is all fully paid for by the company!  In an interview Isobel said: “I didn’t want to go back to sixth form and I wanted to start earning and go into engineering so I figured the best way to do that would be through an apprenticeship. I also liked the idea of getting a degree without the debt!” When asked if she felt apprenticeships were encouraged enough to students, Isobel said: “I don’t think they’re viewed as highly as university. I think probably the parents who encourage going to university perhaps haven’t actually gone themselves. I just think it’s a lack of education around them. I’m coming home from a long day of hard work and yeah it’s tough but at the same time I can afford a really nice car and go out on the weekends when a lot of my friends are struggling to even afford driving lessons.”

Apprenticeships won’t be for everyone but neither will university. It’s important to pick the path that best suits your personality and recognise that both pathways will require hard work and dedication in order to be successful!

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